英语口语和书面语的语法有没有差异

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所属分类:小学英语培训

It used to be thought that the grammar of spoken language mirrored the grammar of written language. But does it?

口语中的语法习气一般是下知道天然表达,这一点和写作中的用法有很大差异。口语中组织言语和输出言语几乎一起发生,因而会大大捆绑语法的凌乱性。此外,口语表达一般都处于互动状况下,这一点在言语规划上体现得十清楚显。比方剑桥英语语料库中这段对话:

1)I was talking to somebody who was a vegetarian and they know I'm on this diet and that I've lost this weight and stuff and they said for them to go back to greas
英语口语和书面语的语法有没有差异
e was what did them in.

2)Uh-huh. Well and our son can't eat grease period.

3)Oh.

4)He and grease just ...

5)Really?

6)He can't eat grease. Yeah.

7)We don't fry meat. I do ... I like my egg fried in butter and that's what we had tonight. I had eggs and ham and anyway I fried it in butter and I like that really well and uh that doesn't seem to bother me so I don't know what ...

咱们从这段对话中可以看到几个特征:

1)and, so, but等联接短句的连词运用频率比照高,短句天然运用得也比照频频;

2)言语中习气加个“尾巴”,比方第2、6句的period, Yeah;

3)常常搀杂一些带有口语特征的习语或迷糊语,比方so I don't know what, and stuff;

4)常常会有省掉(第4句)、重复或用uh之类的口头语中止。

相关于书面语来说,口语交流进程中可以凭仗语音、语调、语速、表情、手势以及场景等作为辅佐,所以在词汇、句式的运用上可以愈加活络。相反,书面语单纯依托文字表达,而且有满足的时刻组织言语,所以愈加精确、无缺。可以说两者在语法运用上存在着较大的差异,而且太多时分无法彼此学习。

或许凭仗一些专业的英-英词典,有些词典在词条释义上会标示[formal] [informal] [spoken]等标识,以协助学习者判别词汇的运用场景。所以英语教师要留心,学生从教材中学到的书面语法,并不能全部前进学生的口语表达,需要对两者加以差异并进行有关于性的操练。

以上有些内容摘自世界闻名英语教育大师Scott Thornbury的《英语语法101问》。在这本书里他罗列了101个英语学习者简略混杂而且非常风趣的语法疑问。晓得这些语法常识有利于咱们愈加高效地掌控英语言语的运用,但掌控言语的运用绝非死记硬背语法规则。

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